The effect of applying hot and cold acupressure on labor pain perception and delivery time in management of labor pain.
This study is practiced to aim to reduce labor pain perception and shorten delivery time for the management of labor pain in the first phase of delivery by applying hot and cold acupressure on acupuncture points which are number 31 and 32 Bladder Meridian.
Research is practised as a random controlled survey. The population of the research is primiparous mothers who gave birth by normal vaginal way in Ağrı State Hospital Maternity and Pediatry Department between July and December 2014. Research is practised on this hospital’s Maternity and Pediatry Department’s delivery room. Data is collected between July 2014 and December 2014. 58 hot acupressure, 58 cold acupressure and 58 controlled; in total 174 pregnants were studied. Hot acupressure was applied on BL31 and BL32 points for hot acupressure group, and cold acupressure was applied for the same points for cold acupressure group. Data is collected via pregnant introduction form, pregnancy inspection form and Visual Analog Scale (VAS).
It is detected that hot and cold acupressure applied in active phase and transition phase is ineffective on pregnants’ blood pressure, pulse and respiration rate, fetal heart rate, APGAR point, cervical dilatation, uterus contraction time and rate. Application of hot and cold acupressure in active phase and transition phase caused significant decrease in pregnants’ labor pain perception (p<0.001). Application of hot and cold acupressure in natal process shortened the active phase and transition phase duration (p<0.001).
It is detected that application of hot and cold acupressure on BL31 and BL32 points in the active phase and transition phase of natal process reduces labor pain perception and shortens active phase and transition phase duration.
Keywords: Labor pain, hot acupressure, Cold Acupressure, acupuncture points, BL 31, BL 32, delivery time
– Study made by Yasemin Çapar