This study aimed to explore the presence of Type D personality and childhood traumas and their effects on the disease in patients diagnosed with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS).
Eighty-one patients aged between 18 and 60 years who were diagnosed as MPS in the physical therapy and rehabilitation clinic and directed to the psychiatry clinic of Kafkas University Faculty of Medicine Health Practice and Research Hospital and the same number of control groups with similar age, gender and marital status were included in the study.
Sociodemographic data form, Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Short Form(SF-36), Type D Personality Scale (DS-14), Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SAS), Arizona Sexual Experience Scale (ASES) were administered. VAS, BDI, BAI, SAS, ASES scores and CTQ, DS-14 all subgroup scores were significantly high in the patient group (p<0.05). On the other hand, Quality of Life Inventory subgroup scales were significantly high in the control group compared to the patient group (p<0.05). Type D personality (OR=9.35), sexual dysfunction (OR=6.92), childhood trauma found (OR=3.74) as risk factors in MPS.
In conclusion, depression, anxiety, somatization, sexual dysfunction and decreased quality of life were observed more commonly in individuals with MPS than healthy individuals besides the more frequent appearance of type D personality pattern and childhood trauma in this study. Type D personality characteristics, childhood trauma, and sexual dysfunction are directly related to the risk of MPS.
This study was thought to contribute to the literature in the process of improving preventive mental health about determination and reduction of risk factors of the MPS.
-Study is made by Mine Uzgel