The effect of preoperative education on the anxiety, pain, and satisfaction levels of the patients undergoing rhinoplasty

The effect of preoperative education on the anxiety, pain, and satisfaction levels of the patients undergoing rhinoplasty

This study included 79 patients who accepted to participate in the study and have undergone a rhinoplasty procedure in the Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery Departments of Kayseri Training and Research Hospital (October 2017 – April 2018) and Kayseri City Hospital (May 2018 – December 2018).

Eight patients withdrew from the study due to several personal reasons. In addition to the routine practice of the department, the experimental group (n= 36) was educated on the day before the surgery with a guide regarding pre- and post-operative course of the surgery and possible adverse effects and risks. In the control group (n= 35), no specific intervention was performed except for the routine procedures. The patient identification form, state-trait anxiety inventory, Newcastle satisfaction with nursing care scale and visual analog scale were used for data collection.

Although there was no significant difference between the preoperative state anxiety scores of the experimental and control groups, it was found that the postoperative state anxiety score of the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group.

Furthermore, it was observed that the level of patient satisfaction of the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group, and the level of patient satisfaction of the control group decreased as the level of anxiety increased. There was no significant difference between the pain scores measured at 6th, 12th, and 24th hours after the surgery of experimental and control groups. However, at the postoperative period, there was a significant decrease in the pain scores of both study groups.

In conclusion, it is recommended that the preoperative education should be planned in a systematic and planned way by the nurses in order to control and improve the anxiety and satisfaction levels of the patients.

Keywords: Anxiety, Pain, Patient Satisfaction, Patient Education, Rhinoplasty

-This study is made by Handan Topan

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