Chronic pain situation and drug use of elderly individuals, who are 65 years and older and are registered to 23 family health centers in Edirne city center were investigated in our study. The sample of the study consists of 456 individuals aged 65 years and older who are registered to 23 family health centers in Edirne city center.
The data were collected by a questionnaire consisting of 69 questions. Geriatric Pain Scale, which consists of 24 questions, was applied in the questionnaire. 272 (59.6%) of the participants were female and 184 (40.4%) of them were male. The mean age of the participants was 71,19±6,027, minimum age was 65 and maximum age was 93. Three hundred and seventeen (69.5%) of the participants were married, 29 (6.4%) of them were single and 110 (24.1%) of them were widows. It has been determined that 32 (7%) of the participants were illiterate, 15 (3.3%) of them were literate, 207 (45.4%) of them were graduate from primary school, 48 (10.5%) of them were graduated from secondary school, 70 (15.4%) of them were graduated from high school and 84 (18.4%) of them had university or higher education. It has been detected that 20.2% (n=92) of the participants had dull pain, 61.2% (n=279) of them had moderate pain, 18.6% (n=85) of them had severe pain.
It has been detected that those who were female participants, non-smokers and not using alcohol, having high body mass index, advanced age, using tools such as walking stick and walker due to the pain and who went to the doctor and made them radiological imaging due to the pains and who stated that they had continuous pain, and had low level of education had higher pain level. It has been detected that severe pain was found in participants who did not use anti-infective drugs, who used antiparasitic drugs, who used drugs related to sense organs, who used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and who used dermatological drugs.
Determining the health conditions of elderly people, used medications and doses of them, the conditions that cause pain and increasing the level of pain, guiding them about nutrition and exercise, providing the necessary support for their mental status, early diagnosis and treatment shall have a positive effect on the quality of life and health status of these individuals.
– Study is made by Duygu Devran